Neurosurgery or neurological surgery is a type of surgery that is performed by doctors on patients with problems in the nervous system. The neurosurgeons perform these types of surgeries. The first, diagnosis then assess and later perform the surgery to free the patient from their ailments. They also help in the after phase of the neurosurgery. The neurological problem may occur in one of the following parts,
• The brain
• The spinal cord
• Central Nervous system
•Peripheral Nervous system
These neurological disorders are crucial and might change the activity or the function of the central nervous system of our body.
What does Neurosurgery Hospitals do?
Hospitals specialized in neurosurgery act as one roof for patients suffering from neurological ailments. The hospitals that are specialized in neurosurgery have the best neurosurgeons, and operation facilities to treat the patient. They will also have all the before and after top-notch facilities for patients. Medicines and room arrangements will be focused on a patient with a neurological problem. Top Neurosurgery Hospitals are in Bangalore, Coimbatore, Delhi, Chennai, and many other big cities. Some hospitals can give patients a “home” feeling and will help them cope up with all the pain they have to undergo.
Who is a neurosurgeon?
This neurosurgeon is a physician whose specialty lies in the diagnosis and analysis of the problems and disorders in the patient’s nervous system. Including, vascular disorders, trauma, tumors, spinal cord diseases, etc. Neurosurgeons treat people with brain trauma, spine/brain tumors, blocked arteries, birth defects, and other related neurological disorders.
Qualifications for one to become a neurosurgeon are – an MBBS degree. Then it has to be followed by an M.S degree in neurosurgery. Doctors who want to explore more about neurosurgery and want to be specialized in this field can opt for an M.Ch in neurosurgery. They must also undergo 1 year of internship and 5 years of vocational training. The neurosurgeon is also one of the highly paid professions.
History – Neurosurgery
This type of surgery has been around for more than thousand years. But, the advancement in neurosurgery has happened only since the last century. It is said that The Incas Empire practiced a procedure known as trepanation in the late stone age. During the middle ages, that is from the year 936 to 1013 AD, a person named Al-zahrawi performed the surgical procedures and treatments for all problems related to the head. Like,
•Sometimes, even headaches.
Advancement was not seen until the late 19 century. Later, modern tools and equipment for the performance of the surgery were invented. Now a lot of top neurosurgery hospitals in Bangalore have advanced tools like, robots, suction tubes, chisels, and different types of them, distractors, dissectors, curettes, hooks, forceps, impactors, probes, other power tools that help in the betterment of the surgery.
There are 7 main divisions of neurosurgery.
This is a study of the brain and the spinal cord neoplasms, that is used to treat crucial head injuries.
This helps in the treatment of the injuries that are connected to hemorrhages or strokes in the brain or the spinal cord. This is also a complicated surgery.
This utilizes the three-dimensional coordinate system and locates the mini targets in the body and lets them perform actions on them.
4)Surgery based on the skull
This can be done in two methods,
5)Surgery based upon the spinal cord
This type of surgery is performed when there is a narrowing of the spinal canal and it results in numbness, pain, or weakness.
6)Surgery in the peripheral nerve
This is used to decrease the pain and improve the function of the peripheral nerve.
They help, diagnose, and treat the problems of children.
Recovery after the surgery
One will probably be very tired for more than a week after the surgery. One might have headaches and other problems related to concentration and focusing. It can take up to 8 weeks to properly recover from the surgery. Healing requires extra testing and patience. Recovery is a real slow process but it’s for good. Keep in check with the doctors after the surgery. Medications should be properly taken to recover efficiently. Recovery can be early and later depending upon the person. Neurosurgery is a lot for the body to handle and it will have some effects on your body while going through the process of recovery.